In Northern Spain, not too far from the French border and just outside the village of Zugarramrdi, Navarre, there is a cavern that has been used for pagan rituals for centuries and rumored to be a meeting place for witches and witchcraft. The rumors led to the Spanish Inquisition to investigate the area in the 17th century and one of the largest witch trials in the world unfold with more than 7000 cases being looked into, implicating more than 5000 named people of all ages, known as the Basque Witch Trial.
The caves themselves are relatively flat with opening in both ends, with a small stream running through, and are still being used to celebrate summer solstice in a mid-summer festival.
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Faro de Finisterre, means literally the lighthouse at the end of the earth. In Roman times it was considered to be the westernmost point on the Iberian Peninsula and the end of the known world. Later it has been discovered that the westernmost point of the Peninsula is in Portugal and the westernmost point on mainland Spain is slightly more to the north.
Cape Finisterre is also the final destination of the Camino de Santiago, where pilgrims from all over Europe has walked to the famous Cathedral in Santiago de Compostela, where they believe the remains of Saint James are to this day.
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Faro del Cabo de Creus (Far de cap de Creus in Catalan) is located at the easternmost point on mainland Spain. The lighthouse is only 11 meters tall, but 87 meters above sea level. Next to the lighthouse, there is a restaurant. The view is spectacular and the weather was nice and warm when we visited the area in May.
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Torre de Hércules is an ancient Roman lighthouse just outside the city of La Coruña in the north west tip of Spain. The lighthouse is overlooking a part of the Death Coast (Costa da Morte). The structure dates back to the 2nd century and is the oldest roman lighthouse still in use.
The lighthouse is a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
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Gaztelugatxe is an islet on the north coast of Spain where there is a hermitage (religious retreat) in dedication of John the Baptist. The islet is connected to the mainland with a man made walk way and stairs up to the church that dates back to the 10th century.
In the 7th season of Game of Throne the islet was used as Dragonstone with a digitally made castle on top instead of the church.
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Catedral de Santa María de la Sede de Sevilla (Cathedral of Saint Mary of the See) in Seville, Andalusia, Spain, is the third largest church in the world and the largest Gothic church. (See photos of the second largest church HERE).
We visited this UNESCO World Heritage Site in the winter of 2017.
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A couple of years ago we have visited Valencia, in Spain, a city with many cultural treasures and rich history. Interestingly it is not only preserving the past through architectonic, literary and art jewels, but it also nurtures its future with modern buildings and attractions. One of them is the Oceanographic, the largest complex of its kind in Europe. The park is divided in 10 areas, with species from all around the globe, including not only fishes, but many other species such as birds and mammals.
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